‘Jails: 63% Undertrials are between 18 to 30 Years’

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In case of undertrials, the highest 63.7% persons are between 18 to 30 years of age category followed by 30.5% come from 30 to 50 years of age.

Sat Singh (satsingh@haryanafirst.com)

How much do we know about Haryana Jails? The natural response is little and nothing more than the fortified concrete walls where those face criminal charges are put behind and undergo ‘reform’. There could be many reasons behind our scant knowledge about jails topping reason is that general visitors are not allowed and secrecy is maintained. But do you know that youngsters between 18 to 30 years are the one who form the largest chunk of undertrials in jails for various crimes.

Security outside Rohtak Jail.

The 2019 National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB) released recently states that of the 7236 total prisoners in Haryana, 1447 of them are illiterate and have never gone to school. 2824 of them are matriculate and 2495 of them have studied above 10th but left before graduation. Only 345 of them are Graduate and 71 of them are Post-Graduate. They are given work inside jail as per their educational qualification and skill and the highest payment made to them is Rs. 60/day.

Undertrial

If we talk about the education profile of undertrials inside jail then 1860 of them have never gone to school, while 5358 have studied below Class 10th. 4866 of them have left studies between Class 10th and below graduation. Only 802 of the undertrials are graduates and 157 of them are Post-Graduate.

Caste

Of the total 7236 convicts in Haryana Jails, 1537 convicts are from Scheduled Caste community, 141 of them are from Scheduled Tribe, The number of prisoners inside the state jails are 1726 while remaining 3832 are from other communities. The NCRB data does not have a breakdown of general caste prisoners and has clubbed all the communities in others. The above caste data shows that nearly half of the convicts inside jails are from the Scheduled Caste community. The situation is neighbouring state Punjab is no better in this matter where 2786 convicts are from SC community and 106 of them are from ST. 1444 are from Other Backward Community while rest 3836 convicts are from Other castes. There is no breakup of the general caste available on NCRB.

Undertrial

Of the 13160 total inmates who are bracketed into undertrial, 3566 are from the Scheduled Caste community, 177 from Scheduled Tribe, 3864 of the inmates are from OBC category while 5553 of them are from other communities.
In case of neighbouring state Punjab, of the total 15949 undertrials, 6831 are from Scheduled Caste community, 172 from Scheduled Caste community, 3488 from OBC category while 5458 are bracketed into Other community inmates. There is no separate break-up of those hailing from general castes.

Agewise Breakup

47% of convicts who are inside Haryana Jails fall in the 30 to 50 years of age category while the age group of 18 to 30 years form 40% share. The convicts above 50 years of age form 11.9% of the convicts languishing inside jails. According to the data, 2954 convicts are from 18 to 30 years of age, while 3418 convicts are from 30 to 50 years of age, 864 convicts inside the state jails are above 50 years.

In case of undertrials, the highest 63.7% persons are between 18 to 30 years of age category followed by 30.5% come from 30 to 50 years of age. The inmates under undertrial category who are above 50 years of age are just 5.8%. There are a total 13160 undertrials languishing inside the state jails. According to figures, 8383 undertrials are between 18 to 30 years of age category, 4015 undertrials fall between 30 to 50 years, 762 of them are above 50 years of age.

Women

The number of convict women inside the state jails are 34 in number who have children living with them.

Offences

The highest number of convicts serving punishment inside Haryana jails have committed murder crime for which they are awarded punishment. According to figures, 3052 prisioners are inside the jail for murder crime, 142 of them are inside jail for culpable homicide to murder, 246 of them for dowry death related crimes. 525 are there for kidnapping and abduction. 321 have been awarded punishment for rape crime, while 73 convicted for outraging the modesty of women. There are a total 4910 convicts for the above mentioned crime. There are convicts for other crimes also inside jail likewise as per NCRB.

Similar patters are witnessed in undertrial prisoners where 3697 are inside the jail for murder charges, 124 of them are for culpable not amounting to murder, 354 are for dowry death, 1126 are inside for attempt to murder, 722 are kidnapping and murder, 1077 are for rape and 149 are for assault on women crime.

Haryana First


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