We call green Haryana with milk and curd as a diet, but on other hand, an increase of anaemia in pregnant women is shocking indeed.
Dr. R.S Dahiya, Ex-Professor, PGIMS Rohtak
There are always efforts to see shining Haryana. The suffering Haryana is out of sight of many of us.
Without peasants and labour, without their due respect, without a smile on their faces, Haryana cannot be number one in any way. We call green Haryana with milk and curd as a diet, but on other hand, an increase of anaemia in pregnant women is shocking indeed.
Without well being of these sections, without happy families, without improvement in sex ratio, how we can call Haryana as number one ?
We always see positive aspects of the green revolution, but are not worried about the negative effects of it.
The excessive use of pesticides has polluted the underground water and eatables. The non-communicable diseases are on increase along with communicable disease per se. Without proper health care services, without listening to the voices of have-nots and marginalized sections, without an equitable eco-friendly gender friendly and sustainable development, how can we be proud of Haryana?
We see that congress grass is causing problems to Haryanvi, skin itching is the cause of it which is causing great discomfort. Without preventing harmful effects of green revolution, without sufficient irrigation water and drinkable drinking water, without controlling the exploitation by corporates of peasantry, how can we say that Haryana is on number one?
In Haryana , inequality is on the increase in society. We know that without the hard work of peasants, labourers and middle class, Haryana could not achieve laurels on the economic front.
But in social and cultural areas, we could advance from peoples development point of view. Only a small section could reap benefits of the green revolution.
Without jobs for youth, better self respect for women, without fulfillment of their needs, how can we claim that Haryana is really number one in the country?
It is a well established fact that the biologically women are a stronger sex. In societies where women and men are treated equally, women outlive men and there are more women than men in adult populations. Naturally there are 106 boys for 100 girls at birth as the more boys die in infancy & ratio is balanced. The unequal status, unequal access to resources and lack of decision making power experienced by girls and women because of their gender would result in disadvantages in health.
The gender discrimination has got its roots in our older cultural practices and way of living also, of course it has got a material base.
The cultural practices of Haryana have a gender bias. At the time of birth of a boy, it is celebrated by beating a ‘Thali’ whereas the birth of a girl is mourned (matka phorna) in one way or the other; at the time of delivery, if a child is male, the mother will be given 10Kg ghee (do dhari ghee) and if a child is female, the mother will be given 5 Kg ghee; the sixth day (chhath) of a male child will be celebrated; the name christening will be done if the child is male; the girls are not allowed to fire the funeral of the family members somewhere as the can burn mounds of wood in chulha at home.
As the number of women is going down in Haryana, they are becoming more insecure in the society. The violence in home and outside has increased in Haryana and is affecting the health of women adversely. The news papers carry many news items daily in this regard. The doctors and the para-medical staff also behave as the whole society behaves on gender issues.
The number of gynecologists in government hospitals is very meager, compounding the women’s health still further.
Here are some points which are really matter of concern for the residents of Haryana.
Crime Against Women
The state crime data reveals that the total rape cases in 2019 were 1653. The attempt to rape cases was 195. The assault on women with intention to outrage her modesty cases was 2720 and total cognizable IPC crime cases were 111267.
Cases of crime against women and murder grew in Haryana in 2019 as against 2018, Home Minister Anil Vij informed the state assembly.
Every 24 hours, there are four rapes, three murders, 10 abductions and five children are sexually exploited in Haryana,” congress leader said in a tweet.
The situation is emerging quite grim in general and particularly women in Haryana every year for the last 5 or 6 years . Other aspects of health and education are also not encouraging at all.
The National Family Health Survey-4 shows that 55% of pregnant women (15-49) are anemic. 63.1% non pregnant women are also anemic. 62.7% adolescent girls are anemic. 36.6% adolescent girls are malnourished.
(NFHS-4 (2015–16) and District Health Information Software-2)
Army of Bachelors
The other thing which is happening in most of the villages of Haryana is that the number of unmarried males is increasing. Beyond 30 years of age, many males can be seen without marriage in each village.
Unemployment is increasing amongst boys and girls both .Also there seems to be an increasing trend of impotency in males because of multiple factors. The purchase of bridegrooms is becoming an accepted cultural practice in most of the villages. All these factors are adding to the miseries of the women in Haryana. Side by side son preference and the under-valuation of daughters manifests itself in discriminatory practices against daughters such as well being, including, premature and preventable death of female children.
It is very unfortunate that our legal system has not been able to remove the existing social biases. Despite the constitutional guarantee of equality between men and women the law implementing agencies failed in their execution.
That is the reason the women also often lack the authority to make their health care decisions for themselves. Though half a century has elapsed after framing of the constitution, our social customs have not changed to match the spirit of the constitution.
till customary laws and traditions are given preference over constitutional commitment in combination with patriarchal norms that deny women the right to make decisions regarding their sexuality, reproduction and health. Women are exposed to avoidable risks of morbidity and mortality in Haryana.