Bhadani: Historical village of Martyrs

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In case of Bhadani too, many families migrated to places like Pahari Dhiraj and Bawana to be with their relatives. Those who stayed back consolidated to form a larger Bhadani consisting of three Pannas to offer better resistance to looters and invaders. 

Col Yogander Singh, Military Historian (yogibhadani@gmail.com)

Lt.Gen KK Singh

The first attempt to record the history of village Bhadani was made by the British in the year 1877, when the statements of the then residents of the village were recorded in the Shajra – Malikan Mouza Bhadani, Tehsil Jhajjar, District Rohtak on 19 April 1877. The Revenue Settlement of 1873 -74, the Gazetteer of the Rohtak District 1883 – 84 and Census Report of 1881 are other primary sources of information in this regard.

Antiquity. The history of Bhadani, a large village in Jhajjar district of Haryana dates back to 1545 -75, when two separate settlements named Rai Bhadani of Phalaswals and Chhoti Bhadani of Sehrawats came up. Two generations later, that is, in 1620 -30, Bhadani Usman was settled by Deswals.

In 1877 the village was inhabited by the twelfth generation since its establishment. Considering the fact that the life-span of one generation is around 30 years  the village would have been established in the second half of the Sixteenth century between 1545 –1575. Taking 1568 as the median year, the village is 452 years old in the year 2020.

Name of the Village. There is no record as to why the name Bhadani was chosen.

Ruling Deity. Ruling deity of Bhadani is Shiva in the form of Ardhnarishwar.

Sequence of settlement of the village. Before we attempt to establish the sequence of settlement, it is important to understand the meaning of words Rai and Usman.

·         Rai. In the Hindu lexicon Rai stands for a sovereign king.  During the pre-Sultanate period, Raiwas placed higher than Raja. However during the Mughal period, Rai stood for administrator of Imperial land (Khalisa). 

·         Usman. In Islamic lexicon Usman was the third Caliph. However in so far as we are concerned, it is more pertinent to note that during the early seventeenth century Usman was a name widely used by Afghans and during the period 1620 – 1718 Kalals, of Afghan origin, were Shiqdars of Jhajjar.

Rustem-a-hind Ch. Shubh Ram Pehalwan.

Since we know that entire area of present day Haryana was Khalisa (Imperial Land) during the Mughal period, it would be reasonable to conclude that Rai Bhadani came up when the then Rai allotted Khalisa land to farmers of Phalaswal Gotra. Chhoti Bhadani as the name suggests came up next to extant Badi (Larger) Bhadani. Hence it would be reasonable to summarise that it came up shortly after Rai Bhadani.

We also know that the Deswals came two generations after the Phalaswals and Sehrawats and till 1877 their nine generations had lived in the village. And since the Kalals were the Shiqdars of Jhajjar during this period, it is quite likely that one of the Shiqdars named Usman allotted Khalisa land to Deswals sometime in 1620 – 1630 and named their settlement Bhadani Usman.

Consolidation of the village. The period of 1712 – 1803 was marked by the Great Anarchy which engulfed the nation following the demise of Mughal Empire. By 1750 the conditions had become so dangerous and unbearable that that smaller villages were evacuated and people consolidated themselves either in existing bigger villages or families migrated to safer areas. In case of Bhadani too, many families migrated to places like Pahari Dhiraj and Bawana to be with their relatives. Those who stayed back consolidated to form a larger Bhadani consisting of three Pannas to offer better resistance to looters and invaders. Apparently this process of re-location would have taken place over a period of time, hence it is not possible to fix a date for establishment of larger Bhadani.However it is likely to have taken place sometime between 1740 – 1775. While exact location of earlier Khedas is not given but likely it was as follows:

(a)   Phalaswal. First location is next to Russelwala Piao, on the edge of Bir Sunarwal and now called Rera. Second location is where Bhadana village is located now. Phalaswal call it Kheda.

(b)   Sehrawat: Somewhere towards Jhajjar on the periphery of Bir Sunarwala.

(c)    Deswal: Somewhere towards Kablana.

History of Pannas. Bhadani village has three main Pannas of Jats, namely Sehrawat, Phalaswal and Deswal and some families of Rahar and the families of other 35 castes living in harmony.

·   Phalaswal. Sometime in 1545 – 1575 a family of Phalaswals headed by Makhha migrated from some place in Rajasthan, (some believe it to be Jaitrawas located near Rewari) to establish Rai Bhadani. He had three sons named Puran, Issar and Kanhiya (Nanha).

To commemorate the memory of Makhha, the Phalswal Panna was also known as Makhha Panna. In 1754 Hemkaran of Puran branch and Raja Ram of Issar branch migrated from Bhadani. Raja Ram shifted to Pahari Dheeraj and his family has stayed there ever since.

Their land was tilled by the Nanha branch for the next three generations. However in the year 1807, the Nawab allotted around 1120 Bighas of Phalaswal estate to some Brahmin families whom he had brought from Patli village, District Gurgaon and settled them in a newly created village named Bhadana on the Kheda of Phalaswals.

Hence when in 1810 – 12 the third generation of Hemkaran returned to reclaim their lands they found that their own share had already been given away by the Nawab to Brahmins of Bhadana.

With mutual agreement the balance land was redistributed into four equal parts between Lasvid and Arjan of Puran (Hemkaran) branch and Sewga and Laxman from Kanhaiya branch. Their successors have been living here ever since.

· Sahrawats. The Saharawat family had migrated from Mehrauli Village of Delhi district to establish Chhoti Bhadani almost simultaneously with the Phalaswals. During the period of Great Anarchy many Sharawat families migrated to other places.

Family of Munia went to Bhorgarh, District Delhi.  Kishan Lal son of Ram Dayal came back from Bhorgarh on 21 December 1867 to reclaim his property.  Moti went away but came back in his own lifetime. 

Sukha from Heera Thola went away to Daryapur in Delhi and his successor Hansram came back in the year 1867 to reclaim his property. Another family had shifted to Jharoda and came back once the British rule was established. In the year 1877, Saharawats had three tholas, namely Deepraj, Jadon and Heera and their successors have been living here ever since.

· Deswal. The Deswal family had come here from village Aldyoka, District Gurugram and their nine generations had lived in Bhadani till 1877.  Many of their families migrated from here to safer places during the Great Anarchy but most of these families returned when the law and order was re-established by the British.

Their successors have been living here ever since. Interestingly Deswal Pana was also known as Sarguroh Pana. Surguroh in Persian means of one family.

Revenue during pre – 1947 period. The revenue was charged as follows:

· Nawab. The village was purchased by one Imam Khan, Tehsildar of Jhajjar on Istamrari. He used to collect ¼ (one-fourth) of the crop as revenue on behalf of Nawab and take another 10 percent for himself as collection charge. In addition the farmer had to contribute his proportionate share in the five rupee paid collectively to the Numberdar as Pichotra and towards the pay of Patwari. Thus effective revenue taken from a farmer was 40 percent of the produce.

· British. The British introduced a system of direct revenue collection, wherein ¼ (one-fourth) of the produce was taken either in cash or kind. All other taxes were removed and the Numberdars and Patwaris became government employees. Thus effective revenue taken from the farmer during the British period  reduced by nearly half as compared to the Nawab’s rule.

List of Martyrs from Bhadani

Martyrs of Bhadani
Ser No.NameRankNext of Kin
World War 1
1GANGA SHAHAISepoySon of Udmi, of Bhadani, Punjab, Rohtak
2KHEM RAMSepoySon of Jita, of Badani, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Punjab.
3PRABHUSepoySon of Ganga Datta, of Badhni, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Punjab.
4SUNDUSepoySon of of Badlu, of Bhadani, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Punjab.
5TODA SINGHSowarSon of Har Narayan, of Bhadani, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Punjab.
World War 2
1BIHARI LALSepoySon of Sajje and Barji; husband of Shukhi, of Bhadani, Rohtak
2CHHOTE RAMSepoySon of Shib Lal and Jairo; husband of Chandran; of Bhadani, Rohtak
3HAZARI SINGHSepoySon of Sirya and Dhano; husband of Suraj Kaur, Bhadani, Rohtak
4KANWAL SINGHLance DaffadarSon of Inder and barji of Bhadani, Rohtak, Punjab
5MEHAR SINGHSowarSon of Hira Lall; husband of Sarti, of Bhadani, Rohtak, Punjab
6SHEO PALSepoy



Son of Prithi Singh; husband of Shanti; of Bhadani, Rohtak
Courtesy: Col Yogander Singh.

Martyrs-

INA– Kehri Singh

J&K War 1947-48
Sowar Matu Ram
Indo – China War 1962
Sepoy Sheeshpal
Indo-Pak War 1965
Sepoy Kartar Singh
Sepoy Ramkisan
Indo-Pak War 1971
Lance Naik Rajbir Deshwal
Kashmir 2019
Sargent Vikrant Sehrawat

Key Personalities from Bhadani

  1. Subh Ram Sahrawat, Rustom-e-Hind
  2. Dr. Nand Lal, MBBS (probably first from East Punjab)
  3. Lieutenant General KK Singh Phalaswal, Padma Bhushan
  4. Major General Daryav Singh Deswal, ENT Specialist
  5. Er. Ramkisan Deswal, Chief Engineer, Haryana
  6. Yoganand Shastri, Ex-Speaker Delhi Assembly.
  7. Basanti Devi, Ex-MLA MLA from Hasangarh, wife of Major General Daryav Singh.
  8. Colonel Yogander Singh, Military Historian.

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8 thoughts on “Bhadani: Historical village of Martyrs

  1. Prominent Congress Leader of Delhi Yoganand Shastri too owes his origin to Village Bhadani. Former President of MDU NTEA Dr. Rajbir Rahar is from the village Bhadani.

  2. Very nicely articulated after a thorough research. I hope this reaches the generations to come..👍🙏

  3. Sir, you gave us very important knowledge about our Village and it’s establishment. Specially I am very happy and thankful to you,for the information about our PANA PHALSWAL. If you can collect some more information about all THOLAS in Phalswal Pana, that will be great lesson for us.

    Your Neighbor(in Bhadani)Pradeep Phalswal S/O Sh. Rambir Singh (Lekha thola)

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